the 3rd Texas was now under Van Dorns Cavalry Corps
and the entire command was ordered to Corinth, Mississippi
to stop a Yankee advance. Many of the Confederate troops had
never been far for home and were still in their late teens.
Some of the 3rd Texas boys took a ride on a train for the
first time in their lives.
the army assembled near Corinth disease again began to over
take the troops. Some 50 men of the 3rd Texas Cavalry perished
from lethal fevers and infections contracted at Corinth. General
Beauregard realized that he could not hold Corinth and planned
a deception to fool the enemy into thinking he was still there
with his army while he was secretly pulling them all out.
The 3rd Texas played an important roll in this. Beauregard
ordered Van Dorn to mount a demonstration against the enemy
to mask the retreat. Van Dorn detached Col. Lane and the 3rd
Texas to advance at sunrise toward the enemys earthworks
and draw out the Yankee skirmishers. With hundreds lying ill,
Lane could only muster 246 men. He led this little band on
a double-quick several hundred yards though the abatis of
felled timber to with in fifty paces of the union Picket line.
They were placed in a position to either do or die since retreat
would trap them in the labyrinth of the abatis. "Drawing
fore from the entrenched Yankee Pickets, the Texans dodged
behind whatever cover the ground afforded. Each man took a
tree, and after discharging his firearms and reloading from
that position, would advance to the next cover and repeat
the performance." Lane then ordered a charge, "
Screaming like demons, the Texans drove the union pickets
out of their holes and into their own earthworks some four
hundred yards to the rear."
day long, Lanes little detachment held this position
against three regiments of the enemy, while Beauregard evacuated
Corinth. Before it was finished the 3rd Texas Cavalry lost
eight killed and nine wounded. By nightfall Lane ordered his
exhausted men hold their position until midnight while Beauregard
completed his evacuation. Utterly spent the 3rd Texas Cavalry
finally left and walked down the then deserted streets toward
Page Lane was born in Ireland
on February 18, 1817. He immigrated to the United States
in 1821. Lane came to Texas and fought at the battle of
San Jacinto on April 21, 1836 in Henry W. Karnes
the War for Texas Independence, Lane fought the Indians
and was wounded in 1838. Lane served in the Mexican war
of 1847 as a 1st Lieutenant in Kit Archlands Texas
Ranger Company. Lane was commissioned a Lt. Colonel of
the 3rd Texas Cavalry in 1861 and fought with them through
1862. He was later transferred and fought in Louisiana
as a brigade commander. He received his commission to
Brigadier General as one of the last acts of the Confederate
Government. General Lane died in Marshal Texas on January
the summer of 1862, the 3rd Texas had only 388 men fit for
duty on its rolls. Many of the men suffered from chronic diarrhea.
All the surgeon had to offer for any illness was opium. At
sick call he would carve out a lump of opium, "as big
as a cannon ball" and was then mix down into little pills.
These "pills" were given for such thinks as a "hurting
in my stomach," "a misery in my head" and "a
chill". Whatever the symptoms the cure was the same.
September 5, 1862 the order was given by General Price to
move forward. Marching day and night the 3rd Texas Cavalry
entered Iuka, Mississippi on September 14th. The 3rd Texas
was assigned to Major General Henrys Littles Division
and on September 19th they were ordered to deploy as skirmishes
by Brigadier General Price. As they deployed forward they
were hit by cannon fire. Captain Will Green of Company I told
his men to be steady and at that moment, he was decapitated.
As his Lieutenant took command he too was hit and killed by
grapeshot. The order was given to charge the Yankee artillery.
" Unhindered, the Yankee cannoneers poured grape shot
and canister into the gray masses. Private John Sherrod died
instantly and Will Bonner, the regimental color bearer, was
cut down a few feet in front of a Federal battery, the Confederate
Battle flag sill clutched in his hands. At the head of the
charge, Lieutenant Dan Alley pressed on. With sabres, ramrods
and gun butts, the attacker grappled fiercely with the enemy
artillerymen on the crest of the hill. Most conspicuous on
the field was Private Rush Wallace, son of a San Augustine
Judge. Hopelessly surrounded at one point in the action, he
refused to surrender but fought his way out of the trap and
back to his own lines." The
Texans sustained their assault and drove the enemy some six
hundred yards to the rear. The 3rd Texas lost 33 killed out
right, 74 wounded and out of 388, one out of every four fell
that day. The then Colonel of the 3rd Texas, Mabry was wounded
three times. The Colonel was captured and was offered a chance
to sign a letter of exchange. He didnt like the wording
and refused to sign it. He was placed in a Yankee prison camp
but later released on an exchange.
Sterling Price was born in Virginia
in 1809. He led a regiment of Missouri troops during the
Mexican War in 1847. He was Governor of Missouri from
1853 to 1857. Price was not considered a highly skilled
General and though promoted to Major General in 1862,
his career was unimpressive. He is credited with defeats
at Iuka and Corinth. He did better during the Red River
campaigns in 1864.
lead an unsuccessful cavalry raid into Missouri in 1864
and was turned back. He went into Indian Territory and
at the war end, refused to surrender. He exiled himself
and some of his command to Mexico immediately after the
war. In 1866 he returned to Missouri and died in 1877.
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