Army of Mississippi combined
with The Army of Tennessee
Johnston now commanded the Army of Tennessee and it was heavily
engaged and out numbered as it pulled back. General Johnston
knew that if he stood to fight without being able to pick
both the time and spot that he would sacrifice too many lives
needlessly. He waited for that time to present itself. Richmond
was highly critical of him and President Jefferson Davis was
never a supporter of him. The army in the field, however,
loved him and supported him.
battles and skirmishes are too numerous to go into much detail
on this short essay. Instead the places were the 3rd Texas
fought will be only listed. Rosss Texas Brigade was
adjacent to Wheelers Cavalry Corps during this period and
participated very near the same engagements during this period.
It is interesting to note that Texas was well represented
in the cavalry. The Texas Brigade had the 3rd, 6th, 9th, and
27th Cavalry Regiments. One of Wheelers Brigades had the 8th
Texas Cavalry and the 11th Texas Cavalry Regiments. Mention
is made by one of the 8th Texas Cavalry of the other Texas
Cavalry in a letter home. From May 19 though July 3rd the
3rd Texas fought at Adarisville, Rome, the Etowah River, Cassville,
Cass Station, Kingston, Cartersville, Allatoona, Ackworth,
New Hope Church, Dallas, Marietta, Kennesaw Mountain, Powder
Springs, Sandtown and Nickajack Creek.
July 17th, 1864 General Joseph Johnston was replaced by General
John Bell Hood as the commander of the Army of Tennessee.
This marked the beginning of the end for the Army of Tennessee.
Lon Cartwright of the 3rd Texas Cavalry wrote home and said
that this, "was one of the worst blunders of our President
and greatest misfortunes of the Confederacy."
July 18 though the 24th Rosss Texas Brigade engaged
in sporadic skirmishes while on picket duty along the Chattahoochee
to prevent a flanking envelopment as Hoods Army of Tennessee
was engaged at Peachtree Creek and Atlanta. The 3rd Texas
regiment could only muster some 323 effectives. The roll showed
some 596 but that was paper strength. Many were in hospitals,
were with out horses and some were unaccounted for. On July
28th and 29th General McCooks Federal Forces pushed
toward the Chattahoochee River, over running the cavalry camp
and pushing forward. General Jackson ordered Rosss Texas
Brigade to countermarch back in haste. Additionally, part
Wheeler Cavalry corps was sent to check the Federal advance.
the 29th, at LoveJoy Station both Rosss Texas Brigade
and Wheelers Cavalry Corps engaged the Federal Cavalry
troops head on. This marked the first time that the Texans
from these two Cavalry commands had fought side by side. A
member of the 8th Texas Cavalry, Terrys Texas Rangers
wrote home, " At this battle the Rangers met the only
other Texas Cavalry they had ever seen outside of the 11th
Texas...some excellent Texas regiments."
the 30th of July some of the heaviest, hand to hand fighting
took place. The 3rd Texas Cavalry was charged three times
by the Federals First Tennessee Regiment, known as the
"White Horse Cavalry." The fighting was firce and
was hand to hand. The engagement now evolved Union Major General
McCooks cavalry command and on the Confederate side,
Lt. General Joe Wheelers Cavalry Corps, Jacksons
Cavalry, Rosss Texas Brigade and Roddys Cavalry.
General McCook, realizing the severity of it, stated "We
must get out of this!," McCook became encircled and proceeded
to try and fight his way out. The Eighth Iowa briefly captured
General Ross but soon found themselves swarmed upon. The 3rd
Texas cavalry cut the Iowa Cavalry Regiment to pieces. Of
the 316 Iowans who started out on McCooks raid, only
20 returned safely to Union lines. McCook was finally able
to extricate his command at dusk, having suffered heavy casualties.
McCook had captured artillery, ambulances, hundred of horses,
and much equipment. This became the spoils of war and was
then used by the Confederate to supplement their loses. Ross
Texas Brigade only suffered 5 killed and twenty-seven wounded.
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